African Bush Elephant
African Bush Elephant
Range Central and Southern Africa
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Loxodonta
Species L. africana
Conservation Status

The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) is a species from the Proboscidean order.


The African bush elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal, with males reaching 6 to 7.5 metres in length,3.3 metres in height at the shoulder, and weighing 7 t. Females are much smaller, reaching 5.4 to 6.9 metres in length, 2.7 metres in height at the shoulder, and weighing 3 t. The largest on record, shot in Angola in 1955, was a bull weighing 12,274 kg and standing 4.2 metres high, the body of which is now mounted in the rotunda of the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.. The African bush elephant normally moves at a rate of 6 km/h , but it can reach a top speed of 40 km/h when scared or upset.


The African bush elephant is an intelligent animal. Experiments with reasoning and learning show that it is one of the smartest mammals together with their Asian cousins.


The African bush elephant is herbivorous. Its diet varies according to its habitat; elephants living in forests, partial deserts, and grasslands all eat different proportions of herbs and tree or shrubbery leaves.


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  • The African bush elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal.

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