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Colugo

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Colugo
Sunda flying lemur
A Sunda Flying Lemur.
Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Dermoptera
Family Cynocephalidae

Colugos are arboreal gliding mammals found in South-east Asia. There are just two extant species, which make up the entire family Cynocephalidae and order Dermoptera.

CharacteristicsEdit

Colugos are fairly large for a tree-dwelling mammal: at about 35 to 40 centimetres (14 to 16 in) in length and 1 to 2 kilograms (2.2 to 4.4 lb) in weight, they are comparable to a medium-sized possum or a very large squirrel. They have moderately long, slender limbs of equal length front and rear, a medium-length tail, and a relatively light build. The head is small, with large, front-focused eyes for excellent binocular vision, and small, rounded ears. When born, a colugo weighs only about 35 g (1.2 oz) and does not reach adult size for 2–3 years. Their most distinctive feature is the membrane of skin that extends between their limbs and gives them the ability to glide long distances between trees. Of all the gliding mammals, the colugos have the most extensive adaptation to flight. Their gliding membrane, or patagium, is as large as is geometrically possible: it runs from the shoulder blades to the fore-paw, from the tip of the rear-most finger to the tip of the toes, and from the hind legs to the tip of the tail.

GeneraEdit

Image
Name
Philippine flying lemur Cynocephalus
Has only one surviving species, The Philippine Flying Lemur. It has a wide head, small ears and big eyes. Its clawed feet are large and webbed for fast climbing and for gliding.
Colugo Galeopterus
Has only one surviving species, The Sunda Flying Lemur.It is a skillful climber but is helpless when on the ground. Its gliding membrane connects from the neck, extending along the limbs to the tips of the fingers, toes and nails.

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