The Tiger Salamander is a specie from the Ambystoma genus. The species originates from numerous lakes, such as Lake Xochimilco underlying Mexico City.
Thick-bodied amphibians with short snouts, sturdy legs, and long tails, tigers are the largest land-dwelling salamander on Earth. They can grow to 14 inches in length, but the average size is more like 6 to 8 inches.
Highly voracious predators, they emerge from their burrows at night to feed on worms, insects, frogs, and even other salamanders. Their population is healthy throughout their range, but deforestation, pollution, and rising acidity levels in their breeding pools is affecting their distribution.
Tiger Salamanders have a voracious appetite and in the wild feed on insects, earthworms, grubs, small mice, minnows, and even other amphibians, such as frogs. Their diet should consist of earthworms, small snails, wax worms, and crickets or other insects dusted with calcium powder and vitamins.
Aquatic adult tiger salamanders live up to 25 years in captivity. Normal adults have reached ages of 16 years.
- Tiger salamanders secret a slimy substance which is poisonous to other animals.
- Fish, toads, and other aquatic animals eat up tiger salamander larvae and thus they produce the poisonous mucus to protect themselves.
- Before mating male tiger salamanders mimic a female tiger salamander to slink in and drop his germ cells on rival male tiger salamanders.
- Tiger salamanders’ tails do not possess fracture regions.
- Some of the smaller species of tiger salamanders do not have lungs and they breathe by the gular pumping.
- Tiger salamanders are one of the endangered species nowadays.